India has despatched its first spacecraft to check the Solar. This thrilling mission, known as Aditya-L1, took off from Sriharikota on a Saturday at 11:50 AM India time (06:20 AM GMT). It’ll journey actually far – 1.5 million kilometers (932,000 miles) from Earth. That is only one% of the space between Earth and the Solar. It is going to take 4 months for Aditya-L1 to achieve that far.
US house company NASA too has its photo voltaic spacecraft close to the Solar. The Parker Photo voltaic Probe has been on a mission to get very near the Solar since 2018 and keep there in these hellish situations. This Parker Probe is designed to get nearer to the Solar’s floor than another spacecraft earlier than it. It is dealing with excessive warmth and radiation to study extra concerning the Solar’s outer ambiance, photo voltaic wind, and high-energy particles. With particular instruments and a troublesome protect, the Parker Photo voltaic Probe is givingus new insights into the Solar’s habits, house climate, and the way it impacts Earth.
Let’s discuss the important thing variations between Aditya L1 and the Parker Photo voltaic Probe:
1. Proximity to the Solar:Aditya L1 will keep fairly far-off from the Solar. It’s about 1.5 million kilometers away from the Earth. However NASA’s Parker Photo voltaic Probe is getting up shut and private, going to inside 3.9 million miles of the Solar’s scorching floor. It is even nearer to the Solar’s outer ambiance, often called the corona, which is hotter than the Solar’s floor.
2. Devices: Aditya L1 is carrying seven particular instruments to assist us perceive the Solar higher:
VELC (Seen Emission Line Coronagraph): Takes footage and measures the photo voltaic corona’s temperature, pace, and density.
SUIT (Photo voltaic Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope): Gives detailed photographs of the photosphere and chromosphere, serving to us find out about these necessary layers of the Solar.
SoLEXS (Photo voltaic Low Power X-ray Spectrometer): Observes mushy X-rays to grasp what’s occurring on the Solar’s floor.
HEL1OS (Excessive Power L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer): Offers us onerous X-ray knowledge, serving to us research energetic occasions on the Solar.
ASPEX (Aditya Photo voltaic Wind Particle Experiment): Research photo voltaic wind particles, particularly protons and heavy ions, to study extra concerning the photo voltaic wind.
PAPA (Plasma Analyser Package deal For Aditya): Checks out electrons and heavy ions within the photo voltaic wind up shut.
Superior Tri-axial Excessive-Decision Digital Magnetometers: Measures magnetic fields within the photo voltaic corona to grasp how they modify over time.
In distinction, the Parker Photo voltaic Probe has 4 scientific instruments:
FIELDS Experiment: Research magnetic fields.
ISIS (Built-in Science Investigation of the Solar): Investigates plasma, which is a sizzling fuel.
WISPR (Vast-Discipline Imager for Photo voltaic Probe): Takes footage of the photo voltaic wind.
SWEAP (Photo voltaic Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons): Measures particles within the photo voltaic wind.
Each missions are serving to us study extra concerning the Solar, however they’re taking barely completely different approaches to collect necessary knowledge. Aditya L1 is staying farther away whereas Parker Photo voltaic Probe is boldly going nearer than ever earlier than.