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February 25, 2024
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Chandrayaan-3 landing: 17 minutes of terror for ISRO scientists

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India’s historic Moon mission, Chandrayaan-3, is about to the touch down on the lunar South Pole as we speak, August 23, at 6:04 PM IST. After the failure of Russia’s Luna-25 mission which had comparable ambitions, the world’s eyes are on India. The mission, launched by the Indian House Analysis Group (ISRO), has three targets – to hold out a secure and smooth touchdown on the lunar floor, present the rover’s roving capabilities, and conduct in-situ scientific experiments. Nevertheless, two of them can solely be achieved if the Vikram lander efficiently touches down, and earlier than that, it must move by means of a 17-minute window of “terror”.

Chandrayaan-3: 17 minutes of terror

Talking to ANI, the director of the House Functions Middle (SAC) at ISRO said that the final 17 minutes earlier than the lander touches down on the lunar floor are extraordinarily essential, and will pose a threat to the smooth touchdown, on which the entire mission relies upon.

Throughout that interval, the lander should perform a collection of maneuvers, together with altitude changes, firing of thrusters, scanning the floor for any obstacles, and extra.

Desai mentioned, “We should retrofire the thruster engine, in order that the lander de-accelerates to 0 when it makes the smooth touchdown. We have now put in 4 thruster engines within the lander module. From an altitude of 30 kilometers, the lander will come right down to 7.5 kilometers after which to six.8 kilometers.”

A number of days in the past, ISRO Chairman S Somnath highlighted that lowering its velocity from its present 30-kilometer altitude to the ultimate touchdown will probably be a vital side of the mission, together with the lander’s capacity to reorient itself from horizontal to vertical.

Subsequent, two of the 4 engines will probably be shut off with the Moon’s gravity additionally coming into play. The remaining engines will probably be used as reverse thrust for touchdown. “From 30 kilometers, the lander’s velocity will probably be much less by 4 occasions to 350 meters per second at an altitude of 6.8 kilometers”, Desai added.

The Vikram lander will then make its descent until will probably be simply 800 meters from the lunar floor and can then hover till it decides on a website for its touchdown. Its Lander Hazard Detection and Avoidance Digital camera (LHDAC) will survey the touchdown zone and test for any obstacles within the neighborhood.

“The whole course of will happen in 17 minutes and 21 seconds. If the lander strikes a bit sideways to land on the appropriate website, the utmost website, time taken will probably be 17 minutes and 32 seconds. This ’17 minutes of terror’ could be very important for us”, Desai mentioned.

If all goes nicely, Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander will contact down on the lunar floor as we speak, August 23 at 6:04 PM IST. Make sure to test our dwell protection of the Chandrayaan-3 touchdown.



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